At the 2021 ASC Conference, I was a guest on Ep. 42 of Jerry Ratcliffe's Reducing Crime Podcast
Our survey experiment suggests the wording of questions about police fairness matters.
Forthcoming at *Criminology & Public Policy.*
Published Open Access in Journal of Experimental Criminology.
Three experiments showed that citizen demeanor affects officers' emotions and cognitions, independent of compliance.
We revisit classic literature regarding the effects of citizen demeanor on police attitudes and behaviors.
Experiments with officers from two agencies showed citizen demeanor affects their willingness to exercise procedural justice.